Nelson Mandela

Nobel peace prize from 1993


Just Some Background Information

This sections sources: http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1993/mandela-bio.html and http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1993/mandela-faq.html

On July 18, 1918, Mr. Mandela was born. His place of birth was Transkei, South Africa. His mother was Nosekeni Fanny and his fater was Chief Henry Mandela of the Tembu Tribe. He went to college and qualified at law in 1942. Later he joined the African National Congress in 1944 and then joined in on resistance against the ruling National Party's apartheid policies after 1948. He went to court for treason in 1956-1961 and was found not guilty in 1961. Mandela was arrested in 1962 for disputing of Umkhonto we Sizweand to a wing in the ANC and later sentenced to five years' imprisonment with hard labor. During his years in prison, Nelson Mandela's reputation began to increase and eventually he was mostly accepted as the greatest significant black leader in South Africa and became a helpful and powerful symbol of resistance as the anti-apartheid movement grew. He finally was released on February 11, 1990. After his release he was elected President of the ANC.


Some struggles


I. A quote from Nelson:
"I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die."

This sections sources: http://logicalthinker2.tripod.com/mandela.html

Nelson was sentenced to five years of prison and charged with sabotage. Some of the comments made in court have become famouse in the history of the apartheid. After the court found him guilty he was sentenced to life in prison and started at the Robben Island Prison. By April 1984, he was transfered to Pollsmoor Prison in Cape Town. Finally in December 1988, he was moved to the Victor Verster Prison near Paarl. THis was his last stop in prison and later was released. While in prison, Mandela rejected offers made by his jailers for release in exchange for accepting to recognizing the independence of the Transkei and agreeing to settle there. Again in the 1980's Mandela didn't accept an offer of release on condition that he renounce violence. "Prisoners cannot be in contracts. Only free people can negotiate," said Nelson. After being released and while in jail he became very popular and later pecame president.


Early life/ childhood

This sections sources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelson_Mandela


Nelson's father had four wives and 13 children. Nelson was born under his father's third wife. He was the first member of his family to go to school. While at school he was given the name Nelson after the British admiral Horatio Nelson. After his father died of tuberculosis his new guardian was Jongintaba. At age 16 Nelson attended Clardebury Boarding Institute and later completed his Jounior Certificate in 2 years unlike most how take 3 years. By age 19 he was interested in boxing and running. While studing at Fort Hare University he met a life long friend and colleague Oliver Tambo.

Nelson's family

This sections sources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelson_Mandela

Nelson Mandela had 3 wives and had 6-7 children. With his first wife, Evelyn Ntoko Mase, he had 4 children. 2 boys, Madiba Thembekile and Makgatho, and 2 girls, both named Makaziwe. The first daughter died and the second named after her in honor. The couple later got a divorce. Leading to his 2nd wife, Winnie Madikizela-Mandela. They had 2 daughters both born in 1960. Their names were Zenani, Zeni for short, and Zindziswa, Zindzi for short. Their marriage ended in divorce ,as well, fueled by political estrangement. Nelson Mandela married once more on his 80th bithday.

This sections sources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelson_Mandela


Nelson's father had four wives and 13 children. Nelson was born under his father's third wife. He was the first member of his family to go to school. While at school he was given the name Nelson after the British admiral Horatio Nelson. After his father died of tuberculosis his new guardian was Jongintaba. At age 16 Nelson attended Clardebury Boarding Institute and later completed his Jounior Certificate in 2 years unlike most how take 3 years. By age 19 he was interested in boxing and running. While studing at Fort Hare University he met a life long friend and colleague Oliver Tambo.